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Energy Consumption

An indicator of the extent of energy used to fuel the economy’s means of production, primarily the consumption of oil and its byproducts and of electricity

Comparison with OECD countries indicates a relatively lower level of energy consumption in Israel and a relatively slight trend of energy efficiency per unit GDP

Overall energy consumption in Israel nearly doubled between the years 1990 and 2008, increasing by an average of 4% annually. Energy consumption per capita rose during these years by 27%, at an average of approximately 1.5% per year. In contrast, energy consumption per unit GDP declined slightly during the years 1995-2008, apparently because of improved efficiency of the means of production within the economy. Energy supply per capita is lower in Israel than in most OECD countries. The increase in energy supply per capita in Israel that was recorded over time (29% between 1990 and 2008) is similar to the trends recorded in other Mediterranean countries but higher than the figures typical for western countries (such as Great Britain or Germany), some of which even recorded a decrease in energy supply per capita. The trend of decreasing energy efficiency per GDP (12% between 1995 and 2008) is more moderate than that for some of the western countries (some of the OECD countries even indicate a trend of absolute decoupling and a substantive decrease in energy efficiency alongside an increase in GDP). This indicates a potential for improved energy efficiency that has yet to be realized in Israel. The apparent changes likely to occur in Israel’s fuel mix – primarily the anticipated increase in the use of natural gas instead of more polluting fuels – are expected to improve Israel’s energy scenario and have a positive effect on the environment. Assuming “business as usual” through 2030, per capita electricity consumption would be expected to increase by 74%.

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