Urban Waste

An indicator of the quantity of waste generated daily both by households and by commerce and industry

Waste production per capita in Israel is high relative to OECD countries, particularly among the high socio-economic clusters and in localities in the center of the country

Since 2002, when changes were made in the process for collection and disposal of municipal waste, there has been an average increase of 2% annually in the volume of urban waste in Israel. During this period the production of urban waste per capita also increased by an average of 1% annually and a total of 4% during the years 2002-2009. During this period there has been a 9% decrease, however, in the amount of waste per unit GDP, indicating relative decoupling. The amount of waste per capita in the tenth socio-economic cluster is six times higher than the average amount per capita in Israel. The rate of waste production in centrally based localities is 70% higher than in peripheral localities, and waste production in Jewish localities is higher than waste production in localities whose residents are not Jewish.

During the years 2004-2008, the proportion of waste recycled reached 12% of the total amount of waste. The division of waste components (organic material, industrial waste, garden waste) is not known. The amount of waste per capita in Israel is high relative to other OECD countries. In most of these countries per capita income is higher than in Israel, as is private consumer expenditure per capita. At the same time, the amount of waste per capita in the other countries is lower than in Israel. This suggests that waste generation can be limited and waste volume per capita can be reduced in Israel – a goal that could be achieved by reducing the amount of waste while increasing the rate of recycling and curbing the volume of landfilled waste. According to the outlook for 2030, the amount of waste will increase by a relatively low rate of 1.7% following current trends, while the waste per unit GDP will decrease by a rate of approximately 38%.

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